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DISTRICT BASED CITY COUNCIL ELECTIONS

On December 2, 2019, the City of Selma adopted Ordinance No. 2019-8 approving the transition from at-large to by-district elections for the election of four Selma City Council members and an at-large mayor beginning with the general municipal election in November 2020 and thereafter. With district-based elections, four of the five council members will be elected by voter's within that candidate's district, and the mayor will be elected at-large. The City Council selected the sequencing of elections for the districts such that District 1 and District 4 will hold elections for City Council seats in November 2020. The at-large mayor election will also be held in November 2020. Since the mayor term is two years, the mayor position will be up for election in November 2022. District 2 and District 3 will also be up for election for City Council seats in November 2022.

In Which District Do I Reside?

The link below provides an interactive map on which you can enter your address to determine the district in which you reside. Click the link below to open in your browser.

Interactive District Map

Will I get to vote for City Council in November 2020?

If you reside in District 1 or District 4 (use the Interactive Map above to determine your district) and are registered to vote at that address, you may vote for the City Council seat for your district in the November 2020 general municipal election. Every registered Selma voter will be able to vote for the Mayor.

Where can I find more information about the districting process that was held for the City of Selma?

On July 15, 2019, the City Council initiated the process to consider changing to a by-district electoral system. The City then entered into an agreement with National Demographics Corporation (NDC) to assist with the transition from an at-large to a by-district election system. Since that time, the City has engaged in a public engagement process to identify communities of interest and to encourage the community to provide input on the transition and on the specific election district maps.

The public engagement process included messaging through the robo-call phone services, newspaper and online advertisements, the City's website, and digital billboard signage. As a result of the extensive public outreach, the City received eight proposed election district maps from members of the community, along with three election district maps prepared by its consultant based on the public comments, applicable legal standards, and other relevant factors.

City Council public hearings were held on August 5, 2019, and August 12, 2019, to receive input regarding the composition of the City's voting districts before any draft maps were drawn. At the public hearing held September 3, 2019, the public was invited to provide input regarding the content of the draft maps that had been released at least seven days before each meeting, and the proposed sequence of elections. The eight proposed election district maps from members of the community reflected on what the members of the public view as neighborhoods, they were not population-balanced and therefore the maps were not legal as drawn.

The City then received four maps that were contiguous and population-balanced from members of the public within the deadline. The four maps titled: P110, P111, P114, P115 were been placed on the website on September 6, 2019.

A public hearing to receive input concerning the district maps that had been prepared for election of council members in five districts and the public hearing on an ordinance establishing those five electoral districts, the boundaries, identification number and election order of each district was commenced on September 16, 2019, and ultimately continued to September 27, 2019.

On September 27, 2019, the Council directed the preparation of and presentation for their consideration of an amended Resolution of Intention (No. 2019-37R), so as to allow for the creation of four council member districts with an elective mayor pursuant to Government Code 34886. On October 7, 2019, the Council adopted an Amended Resolution No. 2019-37R, and the Council conducted the first of two required public hearings prior to publication of any map of the proposed four city council districts to obtain input regarding the composition of the four-district map for election of City Council persons. The second required public hearing before the publication of any map to obtain input regarding the composition of the four district map for election of City Council members was held on October 21, 2019.

NDC prepared four draft district maps and sequences of elections for Council consideration. NDC's four new maps, each comprised of four Council districts, respond to the requests of the community, the Council, and the districting criteria. Each balances those goals in a different manner. Pursuant to Elections Code section 10010, the City Council held two public hearings on the draft district maps before introducing an ordinance to formally adopt a district map and sequence of elections and transitioning to district-based elections. The public hearings were held on November 4, 2019 and November 18, 2019.

At its November 18, 2019, regular meeting, the City Council designated a two year term of the elective Mayor to be elected by the voters of the entire City, selected the Pear Map as the district electoral map for election of the four City Council members to a four year term, and determined the sequencing of the election of Council persons from the four numbered districts shown on the Pear Map. On December 2, 2019, the City of Selma adopted Ordinance No. 2019-8 approving the transition from at-large to by-district elections for the election of four Selma City Council members and an at-large mayor beginning with the general municipal election in November 2020 and thereafter.


EXHIBIT "A"

TO AMENDED RESOLUTION 2019-39R

TIMELINE

IMPLEMENTING FOUR COUNCIL ELECTION

DISTRICTS WITH AN ELECTED MAYOR



Date Action
October 7, 2019 Adopt Amended Resolution of Intention to Transition to Four Districts with an Elected Mayor
October 7, and October 21 Two public hearings to solicit public input on composition of districts
October 28 All initial draft maps posted
November 4 and 18 Hold two public hearings for public input on draft maps and election sequencing and public hearing and first reading and introduction of Ordinance Implementing Four Districts with at-large elected Mayor
December 2 Second reading and adoption of Ordinance
November 2020, 2021 Depending on Sequence either 2 District and one at-large Mayor Election or 3 District Elections
November 2022 Depending on Sequence Selected either 2 District Elections or 1 District and one at-large Mayor Election

Timeline

Implementing By-District Elections for City Council Members

Date Action
July 15 Adopt Resolution of Intention to Transition to Districts
August 5 & August 12 Hold two public hearings to gather public input on communities of interest (no draft maps drawn until these are complete)
August 19 Deadline to submit proposed maps for September 3 Council meeting
August 26 All initial draft maps posted on or before this date
September 3 & September 16 Hold two public hearings to gather public input on draft maps and election sequencing
September 16 Hold public hearing and introduction of ordinance (this public hearing could be combined with the September 16 public hearing, if desired)
October 7 Second reading and adoption of ordinance
November 2020 First three districts hold elections
2021 Map redrawn to reflect 2020 Census data
November 2022 Remaining two districts hold elections

Draw A Map

Districting is different from most issues that come before the City Council. Instead of being limited to saying you support or oppose a City-prepared ordinance or resolution, you can draw a map yourself!

Paper-only maps:

  • You can draw the borders of your neighborhood and indicate whether you want it united in one district or if you want your neighborhood to have multiple Councilmembers representing it.

  • Draw a proposed Council district.

  • Sketch an entire citywide map of the 5 Council districts.

  • Update* Please Sketch an entire citywide map of the 4 Council districts.

Once you draw the map that you would like the Council to consider, please submit it by email to ReynaR@CityofSelma.com, or bring it by City Hall, 1710 Tucker Street, Selma, CA and submit it to the City Clerk.

Please submit your map(s) no later than August 19!
Updated * Please submit your map(s) no later than October 25.

Ideal population by district is 5,930. The legal requirement is that "total deviation" must be less than 10% (the difference between the largest and smallest districts can be no more than 593).

After it is submitted, the City's demographic consultants will generate the population and other demographic details for your proposed map.

After you draw your proposed plan(s), be sure to compare them with the other maps posted to this page.

Draw your proposed map on any city map, or click here to use the PDF map.

The maps provided by NDC will be posted tomorrow, Tuesday, August 27, 2019 allowing for the 7 day requirement.

Update* The maps provided by NDC will be posted by Monday, October 28, 2019 allowing for the 7 day requirement.

Draft Maps

What do you think of the Draft Maps?

Now that they are posted, the Council wants to hear what you liike and dislike about each.

The Council wants to know not just which map(s) you like or dislike, but why you feel that way about each map. These are the first drafts, not necessarily the final maps, and future versions can include revisions aimed at addressing the concerns raised by residents.

Please take the time to look at them and share your thoughts, either before or at one of the upcoming Council hearings that are listed above.

And, as a reminder, you can still draw your own revisions to any of the posted Draft Maps.

Interactive review map: (This link takes you to a website where you can view the maps and zoom in and out to see the map details.)

Each of the draft maps is posted to the Interactive Review Map link above, and available in PDF format for viewing or printing at the following links.

The demographic profiles for each map are located in the demographic summary table below.

Update* Maps submitted by October 25, with 4 Council Districts and an at large Mayor.

Draft map P401

Draft map Apple

Draft map Pear

Draft map Plum

Draft map Apple 2

Draft map P101

Draft map P102

Draft map P103

Draft map P104

Draft map P105

Draft map P106

Draft map P107

Draft map P108

Draft map P110

Draft map P111

Draft map P114

Draft map P115

Draft map P116

Draft map P117

Draft map Olive

Draft map Purple

Draft map Tan

Demographic Summary Table

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